This is a big question, but fortunately, much has been written about gender inequality and land rights in Uganda. There are two documents that I think will be useful. First, is an overview of the law and practice related to women’s land rights—a practice guide— Women’s Land Rights in Uganda and the second is the Ugandan Land Policy.
In brief, the practice guide points out some of the legal issues that continue to limit women’s rights to land (for example a weak inheritance law) and customary law practices that maintain inequality between men and women.
What can be done about it? Uganda has a very gender positive Land Policy that suggests a complete understanding of the issues facing women. If the Land Policy were to be implemented, gender equality in land rights would be much more likely.