Do financial incentives make a difference in terms of getting women’s names on land documents?

There is some research that says, “yes.”  A paper given at the 2018 World Bank Land Conference found that financial conditionality was motivation for joint titling.

Cherchi, Ludovica; Goldstein, Markus; Habyarimana, James; Montalvao, Joao; O’Sullivan, Michael; and Udry, Chris, “Incentives for Joint Land Titling: Experimental Evidence from Uganda,” 2018 World Bank Conference On Land And Poverty, The World Bank – Washington DC, March 19-23, 2018.

That research looked at conditionality and gender information as motivation for joint titling—together and separate—in Uganda. The research found that:

Imposing conditionality raised co-titling probability by 31% among gender uninformed HHs, and by 14% among informed HH.

  • Providing information raised co-titling probability by 16% among HH offered titles unconditionally, and no impact among HH offered titles conditionally.
  • Fully-subsidized land titles successfully generated high overall demand for titling, as well as for co-titling.
  • Imposing gender conditionality on subsidy raised demand for co-titling, without dampening overall demand for titling.
  • Providing additional gender information in isolation further raises demand for co-titling, though not as much as the conditionality, and has no impact on demand for titling.

A reduction in the stamp duty, for lands registered in the name of women, has encouraged women’s property ownership rights in some states in India (e.g. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi).