Property Rights and Productivity: The Case of Joint Land Titling in Vietnam

    1. Study Information

       

      This section discusses the 2015 article “Property Rights and Productivity: The Case of Joint Land Titling in Vietnam.” by Carol Newman, Finn Tarp, and Katleen van den Broeck.1

      Over 2,000 households in 12 provinces in rural Vietnam were surveyed in 2006, 2008, and 2010 as part of the Vietnamese Access to Resources Household Survey. Along with demographic information on household members, the researchers gathered detailed information on access to and use of productive resources such as land, labor, and other inputs. Information on the characteristics of land and agricultural production were collected at the plot level.

    2. Questions posed
      • What effect does land titling have on agricultural productivity (specifically looked at rice yields)?
      • To what extent do individual or jointly held titles affect agricultural productivity?
    3. Description of intervention

      Individual and joint titling of land use rights.

    4. Context of findings

      State owns all land but use rights for household plots were titled at the household level beginning in 1993 (mostly in the name of men only) and at the plot level beginning in 2001 (land law reform).

    5. Key findings

      Identifies a positive association between land titling and agricultural productivity. The results show that obtaining a land title is associated with higher yields, for both individually and jointly held titles, but they do not find evidence that joint titling has greater effects on productivity than individually held titles. However, there is also no tradeoff between joint titling and productivity. Thus, joint-titling improved women’s bargaining power within the household with no associated efficiency losses.

    6. Unanswered questions
      • Are the same results found for crops other than rice?
    NOTES
    1. Newman, C., Tarp, F., and Broek, K. (2015). “Property Rights and Productivity: The Case of Joint Land Titling in Vietnam.” Vol.91(1), pp.91-105.