Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam

    1. Study Information

       

      This section discusses the 2014 article “Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam” by Nidhiya Menon, Yanavan der Meulen Rodgers, and Huong Nguyen.1

      Matched household sample from Vietnam’s 2004 and 2008 Household Living Standards Survey. Looks at land specifically rather than assets generally and the effect of women’s land rights on children’s human capital.

    2. Questions posed
      • Did land titling for women lead to improvements in child health and education?
    3. Description of intervention

      Distribution of land use certificates in Vietnam.

    4. Context of findings

      State owns all land but use rights for household plots were titled at the household level beginning in 1993 (mostly in the name of men only) and at the plot level beginning in 2001 (land law reform).

    5. Key findings

      Female-only held land-use rights decreased the incidence of illness among children, increased their health insurance coverage, raised school enrollment, and reallocated household expenditures toward food (higher proportion of the household budget to food, an increase of 1% point) and away from alcohol and tobacco (lower proportion of household budget to tobacco and alcohol (a decrease of 1% point). These effects were almost all stronger than in households with male-only or jointly-held land-use rights.

    6. Unanswered questions
      • Under what circumstances were women only receiving land certificates as opposed to male-only or jointly held land use rights?
    NOTES
    1. Menon, N., van der Meulen Rodgers, Y., and Nguyen, H. (2014). “Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam.” World Development, 54, 18-31.